|Towards Energy Secure Pakistan Road to Recovery and Sustainability – Agenda for Action|
Tawanai Program of Institute of Policy Studies, Islamabad organized a full-day conference on 18 September 2013 themed “Toward an Energy Secure Pakistan: Road to Recovery & Sustainability – Agenda for Action” aimed to develop and generate a broad based policy, technical and legal response, i.e., an agenda for action to initiate an effective response to overcome the looming energy crisis of the country. The Conference was addressed by Ahsan Iqbal, Federal Minister for Planning and Development, among others, Mirza Hamid Hassan, chairman IPS Tawanai Program and former secretary water & power, Dr Gulfraz Ahmad, former secretary for petroleum & natural resources, Khalid Rahman, DG-IPS, Dr Joseph Wilson, chairman, Competition Commission of Pakistan, Arif Allauddin, managing director, ENERCON, Zafar-ul-Hassan Almas, chief macroeconomics, Planning Commission, Salahuddin Rifai, senior energy consultant, Salman Azad, director, Punjab Power Development Board, and Dr Saeed Jadoon, head of reservoir engineering, OGDCL and Dr. Vaqar Ahmed, Deputy Executive Director, Sustainable Development Policy Institute (SDPI). A set of recommendations made in the light of conference proceedings, were presented in the concluding sessions of the conference. A comprehensive report of the conference will also published.
It was recommended that Planning Commission should develop an integrated energy policy with the consultation of NEPRA, OGRA, Ministry of Water and Power and Petroleum along with other important stakeholders including ministry of finance DISCOs, GENCOs, IPPs and Industry. A workshop can be held for soliciting views of all stakeholders. The policy then tabled for the final approval from CCI after Cabinet’s approval hence achieving a National Energy Plan to put off the current state of energy crisis from the country.
Proceeding to the next step after formulation, CCI secretariat should be established as a coordinating body for implementation and monitoring affairs with respect to key sector issues. This separate Sectt. is otherwise required under the 18th Amendment, as well. Periodic review of NEP by Planning Commission and implementation and modification reports to be submitted to CCI for corrective measures.
For the decision making purpose an institution is required that will regulate the policy for being implemented, may be the Ministry of Energy with current ministries being under it. Governance and implementation will be the key of assessment of the performance for improvement. Capacity building of ministerial staff, changes in rules of business, appointment of relevant subject people in the ministry should be a pre-requisite.
Role of both NEPRA and OGRA to be reviewed and adjusted according to energy sector reforms agenda. These reforms should be establishing autonomy, improved system of appointment of members; legal changes to set up system of accountability.
Medium to Long term Energy Sector Projects for power generation should be identified for energy supplies and energy evacuation in the light of IEP while taking account of all contingencies.
Key Points for an Integrated Energy Plan.
It was also suggested that constitution of regulatory benches in the high courts of Pakistan, with judges having knowledge of the energy sector and induction of particular courses to understand energy sector can also be initiated by judicial academies and bar associations to review and hear the energy sector related hearings.
A recommendation was made to reduce the interest rate for power sector to a reasonable level for its viability. Reduction of the same for KESC from the similar figure down to about 7.5% by federal government is a good reference.
Consensus was made that National Power Construction Corporation (NPCC) should calculate the precise quotas of Load shedding. These quotas may be strictly followed by DISCOs without consideration of VIP culture.